Accession Agreement Wto

All documents reviewed by the membership group during the negotiation process remain limited until the end of the process. It first examines a number of general points: invites candidates to observe a deadlock and not introduce new restrictive measures for the duration of accession negotiations; the widely heard view that the commitments made by new members may be stricter than those of the original WTO members at a similar level of economic development (sometimes referred to as WTO plus commitments); Special and differential treatment for developing countries; Legislative action plans outlining the steps applicants are taking to comply with WTO requirements; Transitional periods; and the implementation of guidelines for the accession process of least developed countries. > Please send us your feedback on the access portal: accessions@wto.org > Accession Commitments Database (ACDB) in order to obtain all membership obligations and related information contained in the reports and membership protocols of members who have joined the WTO, in accordance with Article XII of the Marrakesh Agreement. Following the establishment of a working group on the accession process, bilateral, plurilateral and multilateral negotiations are taking place at the same time. The conclusion of these negotiations leads to the development of an accession package (“accession conditions/conditions of membership”) which must be adopted by the accession group and approved by the General Council or the WTO Ministerial Conference. Subsequently, the accession government must accept the “entry requirements” – either through signature or ratification – and become a full member of the WTO 30 days after the adoption of its accession protocol to the Director-General of the WTO. For all these reasons, candidates must be firmly convinced that WTO membership is in their national interest if they are to meet the requirements of the accession process. Without exception, a large number of different government authorities are responsible for the range of issues that will be addressed in these negotiations and a strong lead must be given by the highest levels of government of each candidate country. It is no coincidence that almost all governments that have joined view WTO membership as a strengthening and consolidating of a national reform process to which they have already adhered for their own reasons. As soon as a solid objective basis is established, negotiations on the terms of membership will begin under the aegis of the group. The basic model is that rules commitments are negotiated multilaterally within the group itself; That their commitments to support agriculture and export subsidies, which are also systemic, should be discussed and negotiated in a multi-lateral basis within an informal group of interested working group members and then submitted for the approval of the Working Group; and that their concessions on tariffs and their specific service obligations be negotiated bilaterally with interested members of the working group.

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