In the United States, a data protection authority may assign an external monitor to a company to monitor compliance with the agreement. A data protection authority also carries the risk of a suspension or possible suspension of government mandates by agencies affected by problematic behaviour under the data protection authority. It is important to assess these risks before registering with a data protection authority. A Deferred Non-Prosecution Agreement (DPA), very similar to a non-prosecution agreement , is a voluntary alternative to the decision in which a prosecutor agrees to grant amnesty to the accused who meets certain conditions. A case of corporate fraud could be resolved, for example, by a deferred prosecution agreement in which the defendant agrees to pay fines, implement corporate reforms and cooperate fully with the investigation. Compliance with the requirements then results in the termination of the royalties.  On March 27, 2018, the government introduced legislation to establish a system of deferred policing agreements. Although the law amended the penal code, it was not formulated as a stand-alone amendment to the code. Instead, it was included in the omnibus finance law. The amendments to the Criminal Code were found in Division 20 of the sixth part of the draft budget.  The amendments would complement the criminal code of a new Part XXII.1 to authorize deferred prosecution agreements known as “recovery agreements.”  The agreement authorizes the suspension of prosecutions for a specified period of time, provided that the Organization meets certain conditions. Graham Steele of Dalhousie University – a Rhodes Scholar, lawyer and former Nova Scotia Finance Minister – “investigates and follows… Cases of cross-border corruption can be incredibly difficult, time-consuming and costly.  The criminal proceedings take years and it is very difficult for prosecutors to prove without a doubt that the accused is guilty.
 Steele stated that in Canada, while the “Attorney General must opt out of a CCA,” the Attorney General has not initiated or requested that a public prosecutor initiate an agreement.  The PSPC described potential deferred prosecution laws as a means of ensuring that “corporate criminal behaviour is subject to effective, proportionate and deterrent sanctions,” while mitigating “the unintended consequences of a criminal conviction for innocent employees, customers, retirees, suppliers and investors.”  The PSPC also acknowledged that, in some cases, a criminal conviction could result in “job losses and other negative effects on the economy”.  During the public consultation period, the government received 75 written submissions. The PSPC also held meetings with approximately 350 interested parties and groups, such as industry associations, businesses, justice sector stakeholders (including criminal prosecutions), non-governmental organizations and scientists.  Discussions on the possible introduction of a Criminal Prosecution Act in Canada began in February 2016. Under traditional criminal law, Canadian prosecutors had only two options: “Prosecuting and charging suspected criminals or not deciding to prosecute alleged offenders.”   In 2018, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau`s government introduced legislation providing for deferred criminal prosecution agreements in Canada, as part of the Omnibus Implementation Act, 2018, No.